The Talents’ Parable/مثل الوزنات

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مثل الوزنات
إنجيل القدّيس متّى25/من14حتى25/”في ذلِكَ الزَّمان: قالَ يَسوعُ لِتَلامِيذِهِ هذا المَثَل: «مَثَلُ ذَلِكَ كمَثَلِ رَجلٍ أَرادَ السَّفَر، فدعا عبيدَه، وسَلَّمَ إِلَيهِم أَموالَه. فأَعْطى أَحَدَهم خَمسَ وَزَنات والثَّانيَ وَزْنَتَين والآخَرَ وَزْنَةً واحدة، كُلاًّ مِنهم على قَدْرِ طاقَتِه، وسافَر. فأَسرَعَ الَّذي أَخَذَ الوَزَناتِ الخَمسَ إِلى المُتاجَرَةِ بِها فَربِحَ خَمسَ وَزَنات. و كذلِكَ الَّذي أَخَذَ الوَزْنَتَيْن فرَبِحَ وَزْنَتَينِ. وأَمَّا الَّذي أَخذَ الوَزْنَةَ الواحِدة، فإِنَّه ذهَبَ وحفَرَ حُفرَةً في الأَرض ودَفَنَ مالَ سيِّدِه. وبَعدَ مُدَّةٍ طويلة، رَجَعَ سَيِّدُ أُولئِكَ العَبيد وحاسَبَهم. فَدَنا الَّذي أَخَذَ الوَزَناتِ الخَمس، وأَدَّى معَها خَمْسَ وَزَناتٍ وقال: «يا سيِّد، سَلَّمتَ إِليَّ خَمسَ وَزَنات، فإِليكَ معَها خَمسَ وَزَناتٍ رَبِحتُها». فقالَ له سَيِّدُه: «أَحسَنتَ أَيُّها العَبدُ الصَّالِحُ الأَمين! كُنتَ أَمينًا على القَليل، فسأُقيمُكَ على الكَثير: أُدخُلْ نَعيمَ سَيِّدِكَ». ثُمَّ دَنا الَّذي أَخَذَ الوَزْنَتَينِ فقال: «يا سَيِّد، سَلَّمتَ إِليَّ وَزْنَتَين، فإِليكَ معَهُما وَزْنَتَينِ رَبِحتُها». فقالَ له سيِّدُه: «أَحسَنتَ أَيُّها العَبدُ الصَّالِحُ الأَمين! كُنتَ أَمينًا على القَليل، فسأُقيمُكَ على الكَثير: أُدخُلْ نَعيمَ سَيِّدِكَ». ثُمَّ دَنا الَّذي أَخَذَ الوَزْنَةَ الواحِدَةَ فقال: «يا سَيِّد، عَرفتُكَ رَجُلاً شَديدًا تَحصُدُ مِن حَيثُ لَم تَزرَعْ، وتَجمَعُ مِن حَيثُ لَم تُوزِّعْ، فخِفتُ وذَهَبتُ فدَفَنتُ وَزْنَتَكَ في الأرض، فإِليكَ مالَك». فأَجابَه سَيِّدُه: «أَيُّها العَبدُ الكَسْلانُ الجَبان! عَرَفتَني أَحصُدُ مِن حَيثُ لم أَزرَعْ، وأَجمَعُ مِن حَيثُ لَم أُوزِّعْ، فكانَ عَليكَ أَن تَضَعَ مالي عندَ أَصْحابِ المَصارِف، وكُنتُ في عَودَتي أَستَرِدُّ مالي معَ الفائِدَة. فخُذوا مِنهُ الوَزْنَة وأَعطوها الَّذي معَهُ الوَزَناتُ العَشْر: لأَنَّ كُلَّ مَن كانَ له شَيء، يُعطى فيَفيض. ومَن لَيسَ له شيء، يُنتَزَعُ مِنهُ حتَّى الَّذي له. وذلكَ العَبدُ الَّذي لا خَيرَ فيه، أَلقُوهُ في الظُّلمَةِ البَرَّانِيَّة. فهُناكَ البُكاءُ وصَريفُ الأَسنان».”

الوزنات والقدرات والمواهب نعم من عند الله
رسالة القديس بولس الرسول الأولى إلى ﻛﻮﺭﻧﺜﻮﺱ12/من01حتى31/:””وَأَمَّا بِخُصُوصِ الْمَوَاهِبِ الرُّوحِيَّةِ، أَيُّهَا الإِخْوَةُ، فَلاَ أُرِيدُ أَنْ يَخْفَى عَلَيْكُمْ أَمْرُهَا. تَعْلَمُونَ أَنَّكُمْ، عِنْدَمَا كُنْتُمْ مِنَ الأُمَمِ، كُنْتُمْ تَنْجَرِفُونَ إِلَى الأَصْنَامِ الْخَرْسَاءِ أَيَّمَا انْجِرَافٍ. لِذَلِكَ أَقُولُ لَكُمْ أَنْ تَعْرِفُوا أَنَّهُ لاَ أَحَدَ وَهُوَ يَتَكَلَّمُ بِرُوحِ اللهِ يَقُولُ: «اللَّعْنَةُ عَلَى يَسُوعَ!» وَكَذَلِكَ لاَ يَسْتَطِيعُ أَحَدٌ أَنْ يَقُولَ: «يَسُوعُ رَبٌّ» إِلاَّ بِالرُّوحِ الْقُدُسِ. هُنَاكَ مَوَاهِبُ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ، وَلَكِنَّ الرُّوحَ وَاحِدٌ. وَهُنَاكَ خِدْمَاتٌ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ، وَالرَّبُّ وَاحِدٌ. وَهُنَاكَ أَيْضاً أَعْمَالٌ مُخْتَلِفَةٌ، وَلَكِنَّ اللهَ وَاحِدٌ، وَهُوَ يَعْمَلُ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ فِي الْجَمِيعِ. وَإِنَّمَا كُلُّ وَاحِدٍ يُوهَبُ مَوْهِبَةً يَتَجَلَّى الرُّوحُ فِيهَا لأَجْلِ الْمَنْفَعَةِ. فَوَاحِدٌ يُوهَبُ، عَنْ طَرِيقِ الرُّوحِ، كَلاَمَ الْحِكْمَةِ، وَآخَرُ كَلاَمَ الْمَعْرِفَةِ وَفْقاً لِلرُّوحِ نَفْسِهِ، وَآخَرُ إِيمَاناً بِالرُّوحِ نَفْسِهِ. وَيُوهَبُ آخَرُ مَوْهِبَةَ شِفَاءِ الأَمْرَاضِ بِالرُّوحِ الْوَاحِدِ، وَآخَرُ عَمَلَ الْمُعْجِزَاتِ، وَآخَرُ النُّبُوءَةَ وَآخَرُ التَّمْيِيزَ بَيْنَ الأَرْوَاحِ، وَآخَرُ التَّكَلُّمَ بِلُغَاتٍ مُخْتَلِفَةٍ (لَمْ يَتَعَلَّمْهَا)، وَآخَرُ تَرْجَمَةَ اللُّغَاتِ تِلْكَ. وَلَكِنَّ هَذَا كُلَّهُ يُشَغِّلُهُ الرُّوحُ الْوَاحِدُ نَفْسُهُ، مُوَزِّعاً الْمَوَاهِبَ، كَمَا يَشَاءُ، عَلَى كُلِّ وَاحِدٍ. فَكَمَا أَنَّ الْجَسَدَ وَاحِدٌ وَلَهُ أَعْضَاءٌ كَثِيرَةٌ، وَلكِنَّ أَعْضَاءَ الْجَسَدِ كُلَّهَا تُشَكِّلُ جِسْماً وَاحِداً مَعَ أَنَّهَا كَثِيرَةٌ، فَكَذَلِكَ حَالُ الْمَسِيحِ أَيْضاً. فَإِنَّنَا، بِالرُّوحِ الْوَاحِدِ، قَدْ تَعَمَّدْنَا جَمِيعاً لِنَصِيرَ جَسَداً وَاحِداً، سَوَاءٌ كُنَّا يَهُوداً أَمْ يُونَانِيِّينَ، عَبِيداً أَمْ أَحْرَاراً، وَقَدْ سُقِينَا جَمِيعاً الرُّوحَ الْوَاحِدَ. فَلَيْسَ الْجَسَدُ عُضْواً وَاحِداً بَلْ مَجْمُوعَةُ أَعْضَاءَ. فَإِنْ قَالَتِ الرِّجْلُ: «لأَنِّي لَسْتُ يَداً، لَسْتُ مِنَ الْجَسَدِ!» فَهَلْ تُصْبِحُ مِنْ خَارِجِ الْجَسَدِ فِعْلاً؟ وَإِنْ قَالَتِ الأُذُنُ: «لأَنِّي لَسْتُ عَيْناً، لَسْتُ مِنَ الْجَسَدِ!» فَهَلْ تُصْبِحُ مِنْ خَارِجِ الْجَسَدِ فِعْلاً؟ فَلَوْ كَانَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ عَيْناً، فَكَيْفَ كُنَّا نَسْمَعُ؟ وَلَوْ كَانَ كُلُّهُ أُذُناً، فَكَيْفَ كُنَّا نَشُمُّ؟ عَلَى أَنَّ اللهَ قَدْ رَتَّبَ كُلاًّ مِنَ الأَعْضَاءِ فِي الْجَسَدِ كَمَا أَرَادَ. فَلَوْ كَانَتْ كُلُّهَا عُضْواً وَاحِداً، فَكَيْفَ يَتَكَوَّنُ الْجَسَدُ؟ فَالْوَاقِعُ أَنَّ الأَعْضَاءَ كَثِيرَةٌ، وَالْجَسَدُ وَاحِدٌ. وَهَكَذَا، لاَ تَسْتَطِيعُ الْعَيْنُ أَنْ تَقُولَ لِلْيَدِ: «أَنَا لاَ أَحْتَاجُ إِلَيْكِ!» وَلاَ الرَّأْسُ أَنْ تَقُولَ لِلرِّجْلَيْنِ: «أَنَا لاَ أَحْتَاجُ إِلَيْكُمَا!»، بَلْ بِالأَحْرَى جِدّاً، أَعْضَاءُ الْجَسَدِ الَّتِي تَبْدُو أَضْعَفَ الأَعْضَاءِ هِيَ ضَرُورِيَّةٌ، وَتِلْكَ الَّتِي نَعْتَبِرُهَا أَقَلَّ مَا فِي الْجَسَدِ كَرَامَةً، نَكْسُوهَا بِإِكْرَامٍ أَوْفَرَ. وَالأَعْضَاءُ غَيْرُ اللائِقَةِ يَكُونُ لَهَا لِيَاقَةٌ أَوْفَرُ؛ أَمَّا اللائِقَةُ، فَلاَ تَحْتَاجُ إِلَى ذَلِكَ. وَلَكِنَّ اللهَ أَحْكَمَ صُنْعَ الْجَسَدِ بِجُمْلَتِهِ، مُعْطِياً كَرَامَةً أَوْفَرَ لِمَا تَنْقُصُهُ الْكَرَامَةُ، لِكَيْ لاَ يَكُونَ فِي الْجَسَدِ انْقِسَامٌ بَلْ يَكُونَ بَيْنَ الأَعْضَاءِ اهْتِمَامٌ وَاحِدٌ لِمَصْلَحَةِ الْجَسَدِ. فَحِينَ يُصِيبُ الأَلَمُ وَاحِداً مِنَ الأَعْضَاءِ، تَشْعُرُ الأَعْضَاءُ الْبَاقِيَةُ مَعَهُ بِالأَلَمِ. وَحِينَ يَنَالُ وَاحِدٌ مِنَ الأَعْضَاءِ إِكْرَاماً، تَفْرَحُ مَعَهُ الأَعْضَاءُ الْبَاقِيَةُ. فَالْوَاقِعُ أَنَّكُمْ أَنْتُمْ جَمِيعاً جَسَدُ الْمَسِيحِ، وَأَعْضَاءٌ فِيهِ كُلٌّ بِمُفْرَدِهِ. وَقَدْ رَتَّبَ اللهُ فِي الْكَنِيسَةِ أَشْخَاصاً مَخْصُوصِينَ: أَوَّلاً الرُّسُلَ، ثَانِياً الأَنْبِيَاءَ، ثَالِثاً الْمُعَلِّمِينَ، وَبَعْدَ ذَلِكَ أَصْحَابَ الْمَوَاهِبِ الْمُعْجِزِيَّةِ أَوْ مَوَاهِبِ الشِّفَاءِ أَوْ إِعَانَةِ الآخَرِينَ أَوْ تَدْبِيرِ الشُّؤُونِ أَوِ التَّكَلُّمِ بِاللُّغَاتِ الْمُخْتَلِفَةِ. فَهَلْ هُمْ جَمِيعاً رُسُلٌ؟ أَجَمِيعُهُمْ أَنْبِيَاءُ؟ أَجَمِيعُهُمْ مُعَلِّمُونَ؟ أَجَمِيعُهُمْ حَائِزُونَ عَلَى مَوَاهِبَ مُعْجِزِيَّةٍ؟ أَجَمِيعُهُمْ يَمْلِكُونَ مَوَاهِبَ الشِّفَاءِ؟ أَجَمِيعُهُمْ يَتَكَلَّمُونَ بِلُغَاتٍ؟ أَجَمِيعُهُمْ يُتَرْجِمُونَ؟وَلكِنْ تَشَوَّقُوا إِلَى الْمَوَاهِبِ الْعُظْمَى. وَهَا أَنَا أَرْسُمُ لَكُمْ بَعْدُ طَرِيقاً أَفْضَلَ جِدّا”

 

The Talents’ Parable
Holy Gospel of Jesus Christ according to Saint Matthew 25:14-30/”Jesus told his disciples this parable: “A man going on a journey called in his servants and entrusted his possessions to them. To one he gave five talents; to another, two; to a third, one– to each according to his ability. Then he went away. Immediately the one who received five talents went and traded with them, and made another five. Likewise, the one who received two made another two. But the man who received one went off and dug a hole in the ground and buried his master’s money. After a long time the master of those servants came back and settled accounts with them. The one who had received five talents came forward bringing the additional five. He said, ‘Master, you gave me five talents. See, I have made five more.’His master said to him, ‘Well done, my good and faithful servant. Since you were faithful in small matters, I will give you great responsibilities. Come, share your master’s joy.’ (Then) the one who had received two talents also came forward and said, ‘Master, you gave me two talents. See, I have made two more.’His master said to him, ‘Well done, my good and faithful servant. Since you were faithful in small matters, I will give you great responsibilities. Come, share your master’s joy.’Then the one who had received the one talent came forward and said, ‘Master, I knew you were a demanding person, harvesting where you did not plant and gathering where you did not scatter; so out of fear I went off and buried your talent in the ground. Here it is back.’ His master said to him in reply, ‘You wicked, lazy servant! So you knew that I harvest where I did not plant and gather where I did not scatter?Should you not then have put my money in the bank so that I could have got it back with interest on my return? Now then! Take the talent from him and give it to the one with ten.For to everyone who has, more will be given and he will grow rich; but from the one who has not, even what he has will be taken away.And throw this useless servant into the darkness outside, where there will be wailing and grinding of teeth.’”

spiritual gifts
1 Corinthians/Chapter 12/01-31/:”Now in regard to spiritual gifts, brothers, I do not want you to be unaware. You know how, when you were pagans, you were constantly attracted and led away to mute idols.Therefore, I tell you that nobody speaking by the spirit of God says, “Jesus be accursed.” And no one can say, “Jesus is Lord,” except by the holy Spirit.There are different kinds of spiritual gifts but the same Spirit; there are different forms of service but the same Lord; there are different workings but the same God who produces all of them in everyone.To each individual the manifestation of the Spirit is given for some benefit.To one is given through the Spirit the expression of wisdom; to another the expression of knowledge according to the same Spirit; to another faith by the same Spirit; to another gifts of healing by the one Spirit; to another mighty deeds; to another prophecy; to another discernment of spirits; to another varieties of tongues; to another interpretation of tongues.But one and the same Spirit produces all of these, distributing them individually to each person as he wishes. As a body is one though it has many parts, and all the parts of the body, though many, are one body, so also Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, slaves or free persons, and we were all given to drink of one Spirit. Now the body is not a single part, but many. If a foot should say, “Because I am not a hand I do not belong to the body,” it does not for this reason belong any less to the body. Or if an ear should say, “Because I am not an eye I do not belong to the body,” it does not for this reason belong any less to the body. If the whole body were an eye, where would the hearing be? If the whole body were hearing, where would the sense of smell be? But as it is, God placed the parts, each one of them, in the body as he intended. If they were all one part, where would the body be? But as it is, there are many parts, yet one body. The eye cannot say to the hand, “I do not need you,” nor again the head to the feet, “I do not need you.”Indeed, the parts of the body that seem to be weaker are all the more necessary, and those parts of the body that we consider less honorable we surround with greater honor, and our less presentable parts are treated with greater propriety, whereas our more presentable parts do not need this. But God has so constructed the body as to give greater honor to a part that is without it, so that there may be no division in the body, but that the parts may have the same concern for one another. If (one) part suffers, all the parts suffer with it; if one part is honored, all the parts share its joy. Now you are Christ’s body, and individually parts of it. Some people God has designated in the church to be, first, apostles; 6 second, prophets; third, teachers; then, mighty deeds; then, gifts of healing, assistance, administration, and varieties of tongues. Are all apostles? Are all prophets? Are all teachers? Do all work mighty deeds? Do all have gifts of healing? Do all speak in tongues? Do all interpret? Strive eagerly for the greatest spiritual gifts. But I shall show you a still more excellent way.