الإيمان إِنْ لَمْ يَقْتَرِنْ بالأَعْمَال، فهوَ مَيْتٌ في ذَاتِهِ
رسالة القدّيس يعقوب02/من14حتى23/”يا إخوتي: مَا النَّفْعُ، يا إِخْوتِي، إِنْ قَالَ أَحَدٌ إِنَّ لَهُ إِيْمَانًا ولا أَعْمَالَ لَهُ؟ أَلَعَلَّ الإِيْمَانَ يَقْدِرُ أَنْ يُخَلِّصَهُ؟إِذَا كانَ أَخٌ أَو أُخْتٌ عُرْيَانَيْن، يُعْوِزُهُمَا القُوتُ اليَّومِيّ،ووَاحِدٌ مْنكُم قَالَ لَهُمَا: «إِذْهَبَا بِسَلام، وٱسْتَدْفِئَا وٱشْبَعَا»، وأَنْتُم لَمْ تُعْطُوهُمَا حَاجَاتِ الجَسَد، فَأَيُّ نَفْعٍ في ذلِكَ؟كذلِكَ الإِيْمَانُ أَيْضًا، إِنْ لَمْ يَقْتَرِنْ بالأَعْمَال، فهوَ مَيْتٌ في ذَاتِهِ.ورُبَّ قَائِلٍ يَقُول: «أَنْتَ لَكَ الإِيْمَان، وأَنا ليَ الأَعْمَال»، فأَقُولُ لَهُ: أَرِنِي إِيْمانَكَ بِدُونِ الأَعْمَال، وأَنَا أُرِيكَ بِالأَعْمَالِ إِيْمَانِي.أَتُؤمِنُ أَنْتَ أَنَّ اللهَ وَاحِد؟ حَسَنًا تَفْعَل! والشَّياطِينُ أَيْضًا تُؤْمِنُ وتَرتَعِد!أَتُرِيدُ أَنْ تَعْرِف، أَيُّهَا الإِنْسَانُ البَاطِلُ الرَّأْي، أَنَّ الإِيْمَانَ بِدُونِ الأَعْمالِ عَقِيم؟أَمَا تَبَرَّرَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ أَبُونَا بِالأَعْمَال، لَمَّا قَرَّبَ إِسْحقَ ٱبْنَهُ على المَذْبَح؟فأَنْتَ تَرَى أَنَّ الإِيْمَانَ كانَ يُعَاوِنُ أَعْمَالَهُ، وبِالأَعْمَالِ صَار إِيْمَانُهُ كامِلاً.فتَمَّ الكِتَابُ القائِل: «آمَنَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ بِالله، فَحُسِبَ لَهُ ذلِكَ بِرًّا»، ودُعِيَ خَلِيلَ الله”.
Faith by itself, if it has no works, is dead
Letter of James 02/14-23: “What good is it, my brothers and sisters, if you say you have faith but do not have works? Can faith save you? If a brother or sister is naked and lacks daily food, and one of you says to them, ‘Go in peace; keep warm and eat your fill’, and yet you do not supply their bodily needs, what is the good of that? So faith by itself, if it has no works, is dead. But someone will say, ‘You have faith and I have works.’ Show me your faith without works, and I by my works will show you my faith. You believe that God is one; you do well. Even the demons believe and shudder. Do you want to be shown, you senseless person, that faith without works is barren? Was not our ancestor Abraham justified by works when he offered his son Isaac on the altar? You see that faith was active along with his works, and faith was brought to completion by the works. Thus the scripture was fulfilled that says, ‘Abraham believed God, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness’, and he was called the friend of God.”
The Samaritan’s faith that is transformed into work
Luke 10/25-37: “Just then a lawyer stood up to test Jesus. ‘Teacher,’ he said, ‘what must I do to inherit eternal life?’He said to him, ‘What is written in the law? What do you read there?’He answered, ‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbour as yourself.’And he said to him, ‘You have given the right answer; do this, and you will live.’But wanting to justify himself, he asked Jesus, ‘And who is my neighbour?’Jesus replied, ‘A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and fell into the hands of robbers, who stripped him, beat him, and went away, leaving him half dead. Now by chance a priest was going down that road; and when he saw him, he passed by on the other side. So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. But a Samaritan while travelling came near him; and when he saw him, he was moved with pity. He went to him and bandaged his wounds, having poured oil and wine on them. Then he put him on his own animal, brought him to an inn, and took care of him. The next day he took out two denarii, gave them to the innkeeper, and said, “Take care of him; and when I come back, I will repay you whatever more you spend.” Which of these three, do you think, was a neighbour to the man who fell into the hands of the robbers?’He said, ‘The one who showed him mercy.’ Jesus said to him, ‘Go and do likewise.’”